CPP Competency and Style Variation in Younger and Older-Aged Employee Groups

By Cognadev on October 22, 2018

Written by Paul Barrett and Maretha Prinsloo Of interest are the differences (if any) shown between younger and older employees, with respect to the magnitudes of Information Processing Competencies (IPCs) and preferred Cognitive Styles, within different employment areas. In this investigation, we looked at how IPCs and Ranked Cognitive Styles vary over different employment areas…

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Do Cognadev’s Assessments Work?

By Cognadev on October 9, 2018

Written by Paul Barrett and Maretha Prinsloo The answer to the question depends upon what we mean by assessments “working”. There are two key perspectives here: the abstract and the pragmatic. First, we can ask the more abstract question:   Q1. Do they provide an accurate assessment of what they claim to assess?   This…

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The impact of age, education and operational work on cognitive functioning

By Cognadev on August 28, 2018

Written by Paul Barrett and Maretha Prinsloo In this investigation, we look at how the scores on the 14 Information processing competencies (IPCs) which are graphically represented in the CPP reports vary within an Administrative/Clerical employment group as a function of: age at CPP completion, and two quite different attained educational levels (10-12 years of…

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The “protective” long term effects of education on information processing skills

By Cognadev on August 7, 2018

Written by Paul Barrett and Maretha Prinsloo In this investigation, we look at how the scores on the 14 Information Processing Competencies (IPCs), which are graphically represented in the CPP reports, vary over various current employment categories, as a function of age at CPP completion, and highest attained educational level. The dataset we used was…

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Increasing age and changes in CPP preferred cognitive style across job families

By Cognadev on July 13, 2018

Written by Paul Barrett and Maretha Prinsloo   Here, we follow up on the previous blog/article on cognitive stylistic preference versus cognitive power to explore Taleb’s statement which represents a subtractive epistemology. This is done by analysing the cognitive styles of various age and career groups to determine which cognitive styles best differentiate between groups…

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Organisational and leadership transformation: a case study

By Maretha Prinsloo on June 26, 2018

The following case study was conducted in a multi-national manufacturing company with head office in Switzerland and operations in Europe, Asia, and North and South America. However, the processes and principles that were applied are applicable in organisations of any size. Background A due-diligence evaluation of the executive and organisational performance indicated that the core…

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Cognitive complexity and cognitive styles: implications for strategic work

By Paul Barrett on June 21, 2018

This research study investigates the nature of the proposed holonic model of information processing constructs on which the Cognitive Process Profile (CPP) is based and its implications for strategic work. This is done by determining the relationship between high versus low levels of information processing competence (as a measure of cognitive complexity), and cognitive styles…

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The Achilles’ Heel of Psychometrics

By Paul Barrett on January 16, 2018

“An Achilles’ heel is a weakness in spite of overall strength, which can lead to downfall.” Wikipedia. Paradoxically, the Achilles’ Heel of Psychometrics is that modern and classical test theory assume that an attribute such as Conscientiousness varies as a quantity. That is, it varies in the same way the temperature gauge on your car varies, the…

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We have a “crisis of consciousness”

By Maretha Prinsloo on July 18, 2017

  “We are facing a tremendous crisis, a crisis of consciousness.  The turning point, the perceptive decision, the challenge, is not in politics, in religion, in the scientific world; it is in our consciousness. One has to understand the consciousness of mankind, which has brought us to this point.” – J Krishnamurti Here the focus…

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Are Longer Assessments a Turn-Off for Applicants?

By Paul Barrett on May 25, 2017

A common perception of psychometric assessments is that the longer they are, the more likely candidates will stop attending to the assessment and respond in a more careless fashion. Some may even choose not to complete the assessment and quit being a candidate altogether. Cognadev has an especial interest in this issue as its Cognitive…

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Self-Report Personality Assessment: Going, Going Gone!

By Paul Barrett on May 24, 2017

Recently, in an article in Scout magazine entitled: “The Rise of the Weaponised AI Propaganda Machine”, a series of claims was attributed to Michal Kosinski, one of the leaders in personality assessment using social network activity linguistic analysis: “According to Zurich’s Das Magazine, which profiled Kosinski in late 2016, “with a mere ten ‘likes’ as…

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Predicting Job Performance: Unstructured Interviews Second Only to Cognitive Ability

By Paul Barrett on May 23, 2017

Well, this result has been available on the web in a research paper since 2013, yet I still see many trumpeting structured interviews and personality assessment as superior to the humble unstructured interview. The current version of the Schmidt, Oh, and Shaffer working paper is freely available for download from the Social Science Research Network…

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Motivation Assessment Just Got a Whole Lot More Important

By Paul Barrett on May 15, 2017

When seeking to explain performance in the workplace, the accepted model is: Performance =f (Ability x Motivation). All that has changed with the recent publication of an article in the Journal of Management (Van Iddekinge et al, 2017) demonstrating that the more accurate model is additive: Performance =f (Ability + Motivation). From the abstract to…

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Towards Innovative Cognitive Tests in Foreign Language Learning Studies

By Cognadev on May 8, 2017

Written by Farnaz Avarzamani   The majority of researchers in SLA (Second Language Acquisition) studies are using the measurement tools which many scholars have criticised from various perspectives. For instance, self-report cognitive tests such as questionnaires, interviews, thinking aloud, and stimulated recall protocols are said to have validity problems since they limit the participants’ choices in…

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The values and culture of regions, organisations and career groups: a summary of case studies

By Maretha Prinsloo on April 28, 2017

Both qualitative and quantitative research methods have been used to validate the Value Orientations (VO) assessment instrument. The VO is aimed at measuring the worldviews, valuing systems as well as the decision making and perceptual frameworks of individuals. Besides the results of the quantitative studies that appear in the VO Technical Manual, a number of…

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Assessing the Validity of a Psychological Assessment

By Paul Barrett on March 22, 2017

Within test-publisher, psychological assessment training, or assessment/test review ‘guidelines’, the terms: construct, content, face, predictive, concurrent, and ecological validity are presented as the definitive ‘types of validity’. However, these ‘types’ were introduced in the mid-20th Century and should have been quietly retired in the late 1990s-early 2000s with the near-simultaneous but quite independent stream of…

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Case studies: Predicting the academic and work performance of accountants using the CPP

By Maretha Prinsloo on February 8, 2017

The following seven studies were conducted in two of the big four accounting firms in South Africa. The goal was to evaluate the degree by which the CPP predicts the academic and work performance of trainee and qualified accountants. The following seven studies were conducted in two of the big four accounting firms in South…

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A case study: Cognitive profiles of executives in insurance

By Maretha Prinsloo on February 6, 2017

  Many organisations are keen to understand the psychological profiles of their leaders as this may impact on the strategic viability of the organisation and guide people management initiatives related to placement, succession, team compilation and development. This brief write-up describes the cognitive and competency profiles of a sample of 148 managers and executives (of…

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The CPP Levels of Work: their relationship with actual job complexity

By Maretha Prinsloo on January 16, 2017

In a recent Technical Report by Dr Paul Barrett, we explored the relationship between estimated Stratified Systems Theory (SST) levels of work assessed using Cognadev’s Contextualised Competency Mapping (CCM) job-analysis tool, and the SST levels assessed from performance on Cognadev’s Cognitive Process Profile (CPP). A perfect match between people and jobs is not expected as employees…

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A case study: Executive succession in a global organisation

By Maretha Prinsloo on November 29, 2016

Cognadev has provided assessment solutions to several organisations interested in succession management at executive and general management levels. Here, one such a case study is briefly described. The organisation involved The organisation in question is active in both the mining and production industries and has a global footprint. It employs more than 250 000 people…

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A case study: The leadership profiles of executives in a global production company

By Maretha Prinsloo on November 29, 2016

This case study describes the assessment results of high performance executives in a global production company. Almost all executives have long corporate histories of around 15 to 20 years, the majority have also been involved in the production industry in the long term, almost all have post graduate or multiple degrees – especially in science…

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Psychological Assessment: Beyond Self-Report Questionnaires

By Paul Barrett on November 1, 2016

The Usual   Imagine the conventional psychometrician within a test publisher or academic department, designing a test to assess two attributes which are thought relevant to job performance in the workplace: a preference for Clarity and Ambiguity. The likely design steps are: Step 1: envisage them as a single bipolar construct. Step 2: Create maybe…

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Leveraging Self-insight Towards Gender Equality

By Maretha Prinsloo on September 21, 2016

In leadership development, uncharted territory increases risk Not many women end up in top leadership roles within the corporate world. In a world where talent and leadership are highly sought after, almost half the potential talent pool thus remains untapped. What are we looking for? There are many factors that prevent women from moving into…

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Gender Inequality in the Workplace

By Cognadev on September 19, 2016

Remember, too, that being equal does not mean being the same. Now, let’s proceed. – Joanna L. Krotz   The issue of gender is a culturally loaded and sensitive topic. No matter how empathetically addressed, it tends to evoke emotional responses.  However, given the considerable impact of gender-related matters in the workplace, it justifies a closer…

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The Cognadev Assessments: Based on Science or Intuition?

By Maretha Prinsloo on September 9, 2016

The Cognadev assessment suite, including the Cognitive Process Profile (CPP) and the Learning Orientation Index (LOI), both of which measure cognition; the Value Orientations (VO) which focuses on worldviews and levels of consciousness; and the Motivational Profile (MP) which identifies motivational drivers, are all somewhat unconventional assessment tools that do not fit the mould of traditional…

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What is the Scientific Basis of the Cognitive Process Profile (CPP)?

By Paul Barrett on September 5, 2016

This is a question that arises from time to time in connection with all of the Cognadev assessments; but it is a question that is applicable to any psychological assessment, whether “projective” (e.g. the Rorschach Ink-Blot assessment), self-report questionnaire, or performance-based assessment (e.g. ability tests, neuropsychology tests, assessment centres, situational judgement tests and the CPP)….

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In Response to Elite Selection Practices

By Maretha Prinsloo on September 2, 2016

As discussed in the recent blog by Dr Paul Barrett, the graduate recruitment and selection practices of elite firms are currently characterised by: A focus on certain elite educational institutions which are linked to certain elite firms Selection interviews which are conducted by partners who are mostly not professionally trained in psychology An emphasis on…

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Pedigree: How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs

By Paul Barrett on August 30, 2016

This is the title of a recent book by Lauren Rivera[1][2], who utilised ethnographic and interview information to detail how US elite professional service firms (EPS: think Wall Street) go about the process of hiring new graduate-entry employees. These EPS firms are commercial businesses spanning the domains of law, organization and financial service consulting, and…

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Preventing the woes of poor hiring decisions

By Maretha Prinsloo on August 23, 2016

  The quality of hiring decisions of an organisation, significantly impacts on all aspects of its strategic viability. Besides the direct cost implications of poor placement decisions there also are indirect consequences related to customer satisfaction, lost opportunity and morale, to mention but a few. But what is the cost of poor hiring decisions? The hiring process…

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Calculating the ROI of Psychological Assessment

By Paul Barrett on August 22, 2016

If we were to believe the calculations of assessment utility from the major test publishers such as CEB, based upon the conventional utility formulae we see in the textbooks, then using any kind of psychometric assessment will result in dramatic financial benefit. But, these simple calculations are unrealistic, as the economist Michael Sturman demonstrated empirically…

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The Power of Intuition

By Eyal Ben-Shir on July 25, 2016

On a daily basis, we all need to make decisions about complex, vague and fuzzy issues. Such ambiguous matters may be related to our personal lives, careers, new opportunities and innovative options or interpersonal relationships, where clear facts and rules are simply not available. The challenges we face thus cannot always be approached by logically…

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Motivation gets gritty

By Gillian Sadler on July 14, 2016

Passion definitely makes success and goal attainment easier, but what many forget about is Passion’s more responsible, and somewhat boring, older sister – Perseverance. Perseverance is also known as persistence, resilience, motivation, drive, tenacity, determination, resolve, and the now, new and trendy term – Grit. Grit = staying power Angela Duckworth is Professor of Psychology…

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Metacognition: ignite learning within educational contexts

By Sudeshini Fernando on June 28, 2016

Why are flowers brightly coloured? Why do polar bears have such an acute sense of smell? Why do trapdoor spiders exist? The answer is simple. Learning and adaptation are prerequisites for survival. This applies to all organisms in all spheres of life. Thinking about thinking For man (the “rational being”), thinking becomes more complicated. The…

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Executive functioning: Insight into intellectual capability

By Maretha Prinsloo on May 23, 2016

The development of awareness and intelligence can be seen as the pinnacle of evolution, and it is ever emerging. Cognition and consciousness can be described in many ways, but given the challenge of having to deal with it within the educational and work environment, intelligence can be described in terms of how people make sense…

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Evaluating people in the workplace

By Maretha Prinsloo on May 9, 2016

“The pure and simple truth is rarely pure and never simple” Oscar Wilde There are arguments for and against the evaluation of people. The why, how and what of these psychological and behavioural evaluations largely differ, so what are the options for those responsible for people management in the workplace? Why and why not? The…

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The importance of informing candidates of their rights and responsibilities when undergoing psychometric assessments

By Lauren Davies on February 16, 2016

In the world of psychometric assessments one of the major issues we face is that of ethical assessment practice. There are many aspects to consider when taking ethics into account including how to apply them with regards to assessments. However, our focus in this blog is about the rights and responsibilities of candidates during the…

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Values: the essence of organisational culture

By Roisin Rabe on February 11, 2016

The concepts of values and culture are of critical importance in talent management. As an HR practitioner one needs to be able to understand individual and organisational values to make effective placement decisions, to compile high performance teams and to see whether a person will flourish in a particular type of work environment. Values determine…

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Are Smartphones affecting our Cognitive Competence?

By Eyal Ben-Shir on February 9, 2016

In today’s age of technological advances, the amount of information and resources is increasing at a frenetic rate. More people have access to news, media, scientific articles, services and various endeavours that can be used to simplify our daily lives. It can be said that we have a wealth of information at our fingertips. According…

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Becoming more in touch with “Why”

By Gina Lapidus on February 5, 2016

“And it’s those who start with ‘why’ that have the ability to inspire those around them or find others to inspire them” (Sinek, 2013) Simon Sinek’s book, “Start with Why”, provides very simple messages, which are also powerful and inspirational. The messages impact people’s success, happiness, life satisfaction as well as organisational impact. In his…

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Driving productivity in the workplace

By Tanja Nicholls on February 3, 2016

From an ongoing global survey of senior executives by PWC, two-thirds of the respondents indicate they don’t think their organisation have the right leadership capabilities to execute its strategy and lead its people. This is quite concerning as leadership plays a central role in offering the direction and purpose required to achieve organisational goals. In today’s…

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Hard Work vs Smart Work

By Sudeshini Fernando on February 1, 2016

Freud pointed out that work and love give meaning to our lives. The average person spends the bulk of their waking hours working to achieve certain goals. But not everyone achieves their goals and not everyone experiences the sense of purpose that work is meant to provide us with. To some, work merely remains a…

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Strategically creating your team

By Gillian Sadler on January 26, 2016

Creating a team from scratch can be a daunting task. How successfully a team works together often determines to what extent a company achieves its goals. How do you go about putting a team together and ensuring they have the best possible chance at achieving success? Determine what needs to be accomplished The outcomes for…

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How to think

By Shaun Geertshuis on January 22, 2016

Every day we are faced with a multitude of problems. Deciding what to wear to work, navigating the traffic and reading a paper presents us with many mental challenges: How should I dress for that important meeting? Should I turn left or right? What does that word mean in this sentence? And when we get…

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Bullying at work. Impact, response and prevention.

By Gillian Sadler on January 19, 2016

There is already a wealth of information on the topic of bullying in the workplace – what it is, how to handle it etc. The tone is bleak in the sense that it seems victims are normally not empowered to stop it. In many cases, targets of bullying are left with little choice but to…

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Strategic thinking: where to look

By Maretha Prinsloo on January 14, 2016

To be strategic, one needs to know where to look. To know where to look, you need to know how to look, or rather, how to think, because your thinking creates your world. The better one understands your world, the greater your chances of surviving and prospering. But the world is difficult to understand. It…

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So I’m CPP accredited – Can I use it for coaching?

By Lorette Theron on January 11, 2016

Practitioners mostly use the Cognitive Process Profile (CPP) for selection, placement, job and organisational structuring, succession planning, career pathing, as well as people management and development. However, did you know that the information contained in a CPP report can also be used for coaching purposes? Although many CPP practitioners are comfortable providing CPP feedback to…

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The sum of our fears: How the Enneagram is linked to motivation [Infographic]

By Lorette Theron on January 7, 2016

People have always attempted to understand themselves and others in terms of categories. The Enneagram, a system of behavioural orientations, has been around for ages, dating as far back as 2500 BC. It has since been developed extensively by Don Riso and Russ Hudson. The Enneagram is further supported by The Enneagram Institute where a…

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Using assessments to profile future leaders

By Tanja Nicholls on January 5, 2016

Leadership skills and leadership requirements are evolving as it adapts to the spread of technological advancement and globalisation. Organisations therefore need to continually update their selection, development and succession planning processes as well as related HR strategies in order to choose the right people to lead the organisation into the future. Using reliable methodologies and…

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Values and culture: understanding people and organisations

By Maretha Prinsloo on December 30, 2015

“The real voyage of discovery lies not in seeing new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” Marcel Proust Human behaviour is a complex matter. Observable behavioural tendencies represent only the tip of the iceberg. Social sciences endeavours to unpack this in order to understand and manage human functioning.

Why team building often fails

By Gillian Sadler on December 23, 2015

So there you are, standing 15 metres above the ground, sweat dripping down your face, trying to fathom how preparing to throw yourself off this platform has anything to do with your ability to sell photocopiers. Nathan from the corner desk is clearly growing more annoyed with your wimpish behaviour by the second, as the…

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